The principle of spring layout is to simulate the physical environment. It is a general layout algorithm realized by the balance of several force, a dynamic layout, which can express people relation chart and dynamic network chart. In Qunee, it is realized by Q.SpringLayouter

Layout principles

The spring layout is the balance of three force: electrostatic repulsion, elastic force and central gravity. The previous two force are subject to Coulomb law and Hu Ke law. The third force is a balance for controlling the element moving the the center 

Coulomb law: 


Coulomb law: 


Central gravity is in direct proportion to the distance 

 F = a *  D

Layout params

The spring layout has three control factors: spring coefficient, gravity coefficient and repulsion coefficient 

#elasticitythe higher the elasticity

coefficient is the shorter the edge zooming would be, with the reference value at 0-10 

#attractivethe higher the central

gravity coefficient is, the more intense the overall distribution would be, with the reference value at 0-1 

#repulsionthe higher the repulsion coefficient

value is, the bigger the distance among nodes would be, with the reference value at 0-100 


Simulated data would be used in the following example to express the effect of spring layout 

var graph = new Q.Graph("canvas");
var nodes = [];
function createNode(name){
    var node = graph.createNode(name);
    node.size = {width: 16};
    return node;
function createRandomEdge(){
    var from = nodes[Q.randomInt(nodes.length)];
    var to = nodes[Q.randomInt(nodes.length)];
    if(from != to){
        return graph.createEdge(from, to);
var i = 0;
while(i++ < 100){
    createNode("" + i);
i = 0;
while(i++ < 100){
var layouter = new Q.SpringLayouter(graph);
layouter.repulsion = 50;
layouter.attractive = 0.5;
layouter.elastic = 5;

Operation effect